On June 24, 2018, Turkey held its first simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections, welcoming in a new government system. These elections saw the formation of alliances and the use of tactical voting to ensure parties reached the necessary threshold to gain seats in Parliament. Through this new system, there was an increase in members of parliament, a newly established political party gaining seats in parliament, and a more diversified age range of members due to the age requirement being lowered for members to 18.
The alliance system brought about a new way for parties to campaign, as the opposition united behind a common goal to gain more traction against Erdogan. With multiple candidates vying for the presidency and multiple parties running for parliamentary seats, Turkey saw large rallies attracting supporters and non-supporters alike. Excitement spread through Turkey, leading to a high voter turnout that elected Erdogan as President and gave the AK Party the highest proportion of seats in parliament, with its alliance gaining a majority in parliament.
This report looks at the electoral process and campaigns during the two month period and compares the June 2018 election results with varying results over the past 16 years.