A graduate of the Political Science and International Relations Department of Boğaziçi University, Mr. Köse received his MA in the Conflict Analyses and Solutions Program from Sabancı University. Köse holds a PhD from the School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University, with the thesis titled Re-Negotiating Alevi Identity: Conflict and Cooperation Narratives and the Constitution of New Alevi Identity. Köse worked as an RA at SETA and as a research coordinator later at SETA-Washington. Köse is currently a faculty member at Istanbul Şehir University.
After a six-hour meeting between leaders and technical committees, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart announced a cease-fire for Syria's Idlib. During the meeting at the Kremlin, the presidents gave short speeches. The whole world followed the process as the decisions could trigger an escalation in violence while intensifying the humanitarian crisis unfolding in Syria. Turkey and Russia both wanted to end the civil war but were unwilling to concede their positions. For both Turkey and Russia, bilateral relations were at stake as well.
The recent escalation of violence between Turkey and the Assad regime in violation of the Sochi deal marks a significantly tense moment that may risk a deterioration of relations between Ankara and Moscow. Turkey has given an ultimatum to the Assad regime to withdraw its troops outside of the zone encircled by Turkey's military observation points until the end of February. So far, the Assad regime has resisted the idea of withdrawal and continued to expand further into the territory. However, Turkey expects its Russian counterparts to either convince or force the Assad regime to comply with the conditions laid out as part of the Sochi deal that was signed in September 2018.
The recent escalation of tensions around Idlib which have developed in response to coordinated attacks by the Syrian regime and Russia have put the pledges of the Astana and Sochi peace processes under a heavy strain..