With the Syria War at the core, the Astana Process continues with occasional summits between Turkey, Russia, and Iran. The series of summits has been the only gateway to managing the crisis. The three countries finalized the seventh summit in Tehran on July 19, under the shade of each country’s concerns. The question to be discussed after the summit is whether the orientation of these summits is to build a mechanism, at the very least, to prevent further conflict or to gauge the ability to build a regional security complex in the Levant and beyond by promoting shared interests.
Turkey, Russia, and Iran established the Astana Process to preserve Syria’s sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity through practical steps under their guarantees. Three significant milestones became the epicentre of the trilateral effort: (1) a peace process to continue the Geneva talks, (2) to ensure security in four de-escalation zones, and (3) to counter terrorism.
These objectives reflect the shared goals of the three countries, aiming at maximizing security for themselves. The U.S. presence in Syria with a quest to divide the country by empowering the PKK/ YPG terror group poses a common threat to Turkey, Russia, and Iran, even though their reasons and priorities diverge.
Read more on Politics Today: Can Turkey, Russia, and Iran Bring Permanent Security to Syria?