Arab Spring: A flashback to past 10 years

The wave of democratization, which began with the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia, took down the authoritarian leaders of Egypt, Libya and Yemen. Whereas the uprising in Bahrain was crushed thanks to Saudi Arabia’s military intervention, Iran and Russia ensured the survival of Bashar Assad’s regime in Syria.

Arab Spring A flashback to past 10 years
The AK Party's New Agenda with Erdoğan

The AK Party's New Agenda with Erdoğan

Erdoğan's road map in the AK Party will open a new era that disables the former crises to be repeated


Today, the AK Party no longer has to try and prove its legitimacy. After all, it was the party's ability to survive the smear campaigns that shaped its brand of politics.

President Erdogan’s accomplished performance of development in many areas such as reforms, development, energy and trade since 2003, is AK Party’s main advantage in the next period.

Compared to 2014, the opposition will have a more difficult time finding a suitable candidate for their joint campaign.

In recent years, Mr. Erdoğan has included the common themes of conservatism, nationalism and Islamism, the main pillars of Turkish politics, in his discourse and policies to the best of his ability and under the prevailing conditions.

Turkey to Renew Governing Mechanisms after Referendum

With the end of the referendum process, Turkey enters a new phase that necessitates important steps in a smooth transition from a hybrid system to a presidential system.

Turkey to Renew Governing Mechanisms after Referendum
The Transformation of Turkey s Political System and the Executive

The Transformation of Turkey’s Political System and the Executive Presidency

This commentary analyzes the question of political transformation in Turkey, which has been a hotly debated issue for more than 40 years.


Debate over the government system has occupied Turkey’s political and constitutional agenda for many years. Yet the discussions that have taken place have not, until very recently, progressed beyond the level of popular discourse.

The analysis will examine the outstanding features of the constitutional design in pursuit of executive presidency in addition to the historical background of the transformation.

The proposals from the opposition parties rest on the premise that something extraordinary is happening in the country today. But their argument is fatally flawed because the AK Party can score more points off extraordinary circumstances than the opposition.

What keeps opposition leaders up at night is the off chance that the AK Party will be able to build a grand multi-party coalition to push presidentialism through Parliament.

To be clear, Ghannouchi's identification of Ennahda as a movement of Muslim democrats represents an alternative to violent groups, including al-Qaida and DAESH, which exert considerable influence over young people.

The new Cabinet's main focus will be economic growth in both the short and long term. With President Erdoğan as catalyst, the renewed AK Party under the leadership of PM Yıldırım will shape the economic administration in a rational and pragmatic manner

The president and the PM will cooperate more closely in order to overcome existing challenges. We will see an AK Party that fulfills its mission and discourse, centers coordination and performance under new party leader Yıldırım

The ruling AK Party has chosen Binali Yıldırım to be its new chairman and prime minister. Coupled with the immunity debate in Parliament and the convulsions within the MHP, this week will long be remembered by those closely following Turkish politics

To be clear, it is true that the president and Davutoğlu disagreed on a number of issues. The important point is that the ongoing process will put the AK Party's unity and commitment to group values to the test.

The AK Party has a unique position in Turkey's politics. The fact that leadership change, which had devastating effects on many political movements before, went smoothly here supports this view. Needless to say, Erdoğan deserves some credit for the smooth transition.

One key aspect of the chain of events that eventually culminated in Davutoğlu's departure is directly related to systemic anomalies in Turkey's current semi-parliamentary system.

The latest incident between President Erdoğan and Prime Minister Davutoğlu proves Erdoğan's argument about the risks of a 'double-headed executive' right.

Since Erdoğan ended the old habit of the pro-West intelligentsia in Turkey, he has been portrayed as a sultan, and Turkey as an authoritarian state