Bünyamin Keskin graduated with a degree in International Policy Management from Bremen/Germany. In 2011-2012 he studied at Istanbul Bilgi Universitys Political Science and International Relations department as a visiting student. He received his Masters degree in International Relations and Middle Eastern Studies from Durham University. He is involved in the Germany based NGO CARE - Centre of Arts, Research and Education and held different positions in Turkish NGOs in Germany. For a short-term he worked for the Bremen Senate Chancellery in the Press Advisors Office. Currently he is a Research Assistant in the Foreign Policy Research Department of SETA.
The Gulenist Terrorist Organisation has an international support network. Unlike IS threats of "lone wolves" and its widespread alienation by the public, Gulenists benefit from a certain level of public legitimacy.
Constitutively, the Euphrates Shield operation had two phases. The first phase aimed to liberate several villages and areas in the west and south of Jarabulus in order to be able to lay siege to the city. In the second phase, an offensive attack enabled the entrance of the aforementioned forces to the city center.