Although the EU since 2002 and the U.S. since 2003 have listed the PKK its extensions as terrorist organizations, they have been providing arms and ammunition to those organizations through different channels.
Turkey takes a new historic opportunity to settle the Kurdish question after two previous initiatives failed in 2005 and 2009. To this end, the 2013 Reconciliation Process aims to eradicate the armed-conflict and violence and sets the ground for dialogue, politics, peace and calm for a solution. The process has been launched after the talks between the National Intelligence Organization of Turkey (MIT) Director, Hakan Fidan, and the leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), Abdullah Öcalan, who has been confined to the İmralı Island. It is of historic and vital importance for Turkeys transformation into a global actor, and introduces a step-by-step strategical road map that needs to be followed very carefully.